Activate an optimized version of the page designed specifically for screen readers.

Participant Information Sheet
Gender Bias in Identification and Referral in Primary and Secondary School Teachers of Children With Learning Disabilities
Researcher: Chelsea Lewis
Supervisor: Dr Haiko Ballieux
What is the study about? 
You are being invited to take part in a research study on gender differences in the referral and assessment of children with learning disabilities such as ADHD and ASD. There is evidence from many studies that some children with learning disabilities such as ASD and ADHD are less likely to be referred and assessed for learning disabilities. As the classroom is the first place where many symptoms are identifies the study aims to identify if a gender bias exists in schools and whether this can be reduced through educational programmes. 
Who is involved in the study? 
Participants were recruited from Primary and Secondary schools in London and the surrounding areas. All participants must be over the age of 18 and currently employed as a teacher in a Primary or Secondary school to take part int he study. 
What will you be asked to do? 
The study will involved you completing 2 online questionnaires. 
  1. The first will be a demographic background questionnaire which will ask you some background information about yourself such as age, gender, education, profession etc. This will take around 3 minutes to complete. 
  2. You may then be given some educational information on learning disabilities, which you are required to read. You may take as long as you wish to read over the material, which can be downloaded as a pdf onto your computer and printed off and kept for personal use after the study. (Should you wish to read this information at a later time the study can be paused and continued again after you have read the material.) 
  3. If you are not provided with any additional material please continue straight onto the next part of the study. (The additional material provided to some participants will be available for all participants to view at the end of the study).   
  4. The second questionnaire will be an adapted version of the Child behaviour Checklist which will ask you to rate 10 descriptions of children's behaviour and will ask whether you would refer this child for extra support and why. This will take approximately 15 minutes to complete. 
How long will it take? 
The study in total will take approximately 20-30 minutes to complete. 
However, the study can be stopped at any time and your responses saved should you wish to complete it at a later time.          
What if I have any concerns or questions? 
If you have any further questions about the study or would like to discuss the study further you can contact the researcher (Chelsea Lewis) by email (
If you have a complaint about the research project you can contact the project supervisor (Dr Haiko Ballieux) by email ( or by telephone (020 7911 5000 ext 64876). 
Please note: 
  • Your participation in this research is entirely voluntary. 
  • Ethical approval has been obtained for this study from the Ethics committee from the department of Psychology at the University of Westminster, UK, where this research is based. 
  • You have the right to withdraw at any time without giving a reason. Withdrawal from the study will not affect any treatment and/or services you many recieve. 
  • You have the right to ask for your data to be withdrawn as long as this is proactical, and for personal information to be destroyed. 
  • You do not have to answer particular questions either on questionnaires or in interviews if you do not wish to do so. 
  • Your responses will be made anonymous, unless individated above to the contrary, and will be kept confidential unless you provide explicit consent to do otherwise, for example, the use of your image from photographs and/or video recodings. (NOTE: it may nto be possible to maintian confidentiality in certain circumstances, e.g. where issues of child safety have been identified. You should seek clarification from the researcher and/or their supervisor if you are concerned about this.) 
  • No individuals shoud be identifiable from any collated data, written report of the research, or any publications arising from it. 
  • All computer data files will be encrypted and password protected. The researchers will keep files in a secure place and iwll comply wiht the requirements of the Data Protection Act. 
  • All hard copy documents, e.g. consent forms, completed questionnaires, etc. will be kept securely and in a locked cupboard, wherever possible on University premises. Documents may be scanned and stored electronically. This may be done to enable secure transmission of data to the university's secure computer systems. 
  • If you wish you can reviece information on the results of the research. Please provide an email address at the end of the study if you would like to receive this information. 

By pressing the 'YES' key at the bottom of this page, you are agreeing that you have read the participant infomration sheet and consent to taking part in the study. 
Pressing the 'YES' key will take you through to the questionnaires for the study. 

If you do not wish to take part, press the 'NO' key at the bottom of this page to end the study now. 


Survey Powered By Qualtrics